Intermittent Fasting 101
Intermittent Fasting 101
If you’ve not been living in a cave, you’ve most probably heard of Intermittent Fasting. (Ironically, if you have been living in a cave, you most probably have been doing Intermittent Fasting (IF). Or so the evolutionary biologists would have us believe.)
After the Ketogenic Diet, IF is perhaps the biggest diet fad to have consumed the world.
And just as with any fitness-fad, IF’s benefits have been praised and exaggerated to near magical proportions!
From being the most effective weight-loss technique to reversing aging to even curing cancer ! IF, without a doubt, is the latest, most potent, silver bullet to come out of the fitness-industry factory.
Start digging into the actual, peer-reviewed, long-term science backing these claims though, and many start crumbling. Many others though, hold true.
But it doesn’t stop at science. Those peddling IF also have a history card up there sleeve.
You can’t argue with the fact that most ancient cultures have a periodic fasting ritual. From Ramadan to Karva Chauth to Yom Kippur, all religions recommend fasting as a way to cleanse and reset. Hell, even Plato threw his hat into the IF ring and said this…
I fast for greater physical and mental efficiency
Doesn’t that lend unquestionable credibility to their claims?
So what’s the truth behind IF? Is it really the best, most implementable, weight-loss diet? Is it a divine reset button, pressed periodically by most ancient cultures? Does it also slow aging and cure cancer?
And if you chose to try out IF, which version should you try? 5:2 or 16/8 or 23:1 or Alternate day?
That’s a LOT of questions. About a process that frankly, science hasn’t studied fully yet.
And to make matters worse, the fitness-fad selling industry has gone to town making ’so-unbelievable-they-must-be-true’ claims about it.
Books, podcasts, articles, slimming programs, IF kits — you name it and they sell it. We are in the middle of the IF storm, and that makes it incredibly difficult to separate the wheat from the chaff.
So how do we dig out the truth?
Well, there are only 2 ways. Science. And, in parallel, try it for yourself.
What is IF?
The very basic condition for weight-loss, is creating a caloric deficit. No matter what the latest, most-popular diet fads may peddle, if you are not eating less than you TDEE, it’s unlikely that you’ll lose weight.
Now Fasting, at its very basic, is an excellent technique for calorie restriction. If you keep aside all the other claimed, miraculous benefits, this is one thing that it definitely does. It provides you with a very simple, implementable routine to reducing your calorie intake.
Intermittent Fasting for Calorie Restriction
Rather than count calories and be vigilant about every meal of the day — IF asks you to just divide the day(s) into fasting and feasting periods. And this split comes in various forms:
- 5:2 — Where you eat normally 5 days a week and fast completely for 2 days
- 16/8 — Where you fast 16 hours everyday and consume all your food in an 8 hour window. Note: Sleep time counts as fasting time.
- Alternate day — Fast and Feast on alternate full days
There are many other Fast:Feast splits like 18:6 or 23:1 or 4:3. You name it.
And while I don’t personally like the word ‘feasting’ because it implies you can eat anything you want — it has been proven by study after study that usually, we can’t eat a full day’s worth of calories in a restricted (say just 8 hours) timeframe.
So let’s say you’re on 16/8 (like me).
Research proves that no matter how hungry you feel during the fasting period, and no matter what pictures you draw in your head about how you’ll devour a big mac and a shake and a big tub of fries as soon as the fast breaks — you most probably can’t eat enough calories in that small ‘feasting window’ as you would’ve in a full day of eating.
Let me be clear here — if you do choose to eat garbage like big mac and fries, IF won’t work too well for you.
Going through the pain of being hungry for many hours only to undo it by having such junk, to eventually lose a few grams of weight, would be a pretty shitty deal. If anyone tells you otherwise, they’re likely to be selling something.
But if you eat good, healthy foods during your feast period, and eat those to your heart’s content, chances are you’ll still create a caloric deficit. And hence lose weight.
Intermittent Fasting for Ketosis
Calorie restriction is the most basic, guaranteed benefit of IF. Many people find it tough to calculate calorie intake in every meal and then keep checking if they are below their daily calorie quota.
IF makes it simple. Because there are only 2 states. Eating and Not Eating.
But its (claimed) benefits don’t stop there.
The second big benefit of IF, is claimed to be its ability to put you into Ketosis.
Simply put, once our bodies run out of stored glycogen (the most immediately available energy source), it switches to stored fat as a fuel source. To do so (convert fat to energy), it produces ‘ketone bodies’. Hence, Ketosis.
Now the Keto diet (the mother of all diet fads), asks you to cut out all carbohydrates from your diet. Since it’s carbs that are converted to glycogen, prolonged exclusion of these from the diet slowly drains your glycogen reserves without re-filling them.
After 2–3 days of this carb-starvation, your body enters ketosis and starts buring fat. #Win.
IF tries to simulate the same outcome through a different process. It just cuts off all external fuel for a while. No carb, no protein no fat — nothing. That forces the glycogen stores to deplete even faster. Hence, faster ketosis.
So the second benefit of IF, is that not only will it help you lose weight, most probably the weight you lose will be Fat. #WinWin
But how long does it take for the body to enter Ketosis?
That is the million dollar question.
Depending on who you’d believe, the answer varies from 12 hours to 3 days of fasting. Believe me, I scoured the world wide web to find this answer — from researches to reddit forums — and I still can’t say for sure.
But I did learn something from personal experience that I’ll share soon. And I also learnt this.
The switch from burning glycogen to burning fat is NOT a hard switch. It isn’t as if one mechanism suddenly stops and the other immediately begins.
The switchover is a process. It’s a transition.
And once you signal to the body that food isn’t coming in for 12+ hours, even if in a small way, the body starts transitioning to getting some of it’s energy requirements from burning fat. Even though your blood stream and liver might still have glycogen left.
So yes, it does seem that IF should, in theory, help lose fat as the primary source of weight-loss. Which is awesome!
Wouldn’t low energy consumption make me lose Muscle too? And wouldn’t a prolonged fast put me into ’starvation mode’ and make muscle-loss worse? And is all you say equally applicable to men and women?
I’ll tackle these and more questions in future posts. For now, here is my own Week 1 IF experience.
Week #1 Takeaways:
I consumed about 1600 calories a day. All consumed between 2pm — 10pm. Simple.
Well not so simple. Because I am one of those who love breakfast. And that’s essentially the one meal I am skipping now. Which might be another area of concern for many. Since
Isn’t breakfast the most important meal of the day?!
I’ll cover that in coming weeks. But here’s how my experience was in week 1:
- It’s tough the first few hours after waking up. I was used to having some Makhana (Gorgon nut) with my morning coffee — and I missed that carb intake dearly.
- Once I got through that, and got busy getting ready for work, I forgot the hunger. But it came striking back around 10:30 am — once I was all settled in and had gone through my mails.
- This second hunger pang was really brutal at times. I felt low on energy and my brain fogged up. Unable to think clearly, I wanted food. Or atleast a cappuccino. (I must admit here that in the first few days, I also got a slight headache at this time. But I didn’t experience it after the first few days. Maybe the body adjusts). The hack: I got myself a large, hot, black coffee at this time. I found that it filled me up and helped me tide over this period.
- By 11:15 I was feeling better again. And then it kept getting better. I got more and more productive and frankly I don’t notice much as time passed and then it was 2pm and I could eat again.
- To be fair, I was always cognizant of my empty stomach even at this time. But post 11:30am, I was able to just live with that reality without being affected by it. It didn’t bother, nor hinder me.
- Also, I was working out at my usual time (7:30pm). And changed the workout from just strength to a mix of strength and functional and cardio. I’m happy to report that I was able to maintain my weight-ranges.
On the whole, it was a ’not-so-difficult’ experience, and you will only know how your body responds once you try it out yourself.