Chemical x Dictionary

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What is Acetic Acid or Acidity Regulator 260 ?

Acetic acid or INS 260 is mainly obtained from the fermentation processes of raw materials such as cereals and fruits, mainly apples and grapes or by synthetical process from wood fiber or methanol. It’s used to control the acidity or alkaline nature of packaged foods and is usually used as a preservative for its ability to inhibit bacterial growth, acidity regulator and pickling agent. 

What are the other names this ingredient is also known as ? 

Acidity regulator 260, INS 260, E 260, Glacial acetic acid (INS260), Acetic acid (260), Acetic acid (E260), Acidifying agent E260, Acidity Regulator INS260 (ii), Preservative (E260), Stabilizer E260

What products is it used in?

Acetic acid is found in various types of products such as vinegar, mayonnaise, pickles, salad dressings, cheese, pizza sauces, ketchup, cereals, ice cream, and muesli bars too. Since it helps with food preservation it can also be found in multiple canned goods. It is also used in the manufacturing of various medicinal products such as vitamin supplements, antibiotics and much more. It is also used in cosmetics such as shampoos and other hair care products to balance the pH and prevent microbial growth. 

What is the source of this ingredient? 

Acetic acid can be natural, produced through the fermentation of sugars in processes like vinegar making, or synthetic, manufactured through chemical methods like methanol carbonylation. Always check product labels for details on the source of ingredients. Yes, it is considered vegan and vegetarian either through natural fermentation process or through the synthetically produced process. 

Is this ingredient bad for me?

Consumption in some cases or large quantities can cause bloating, gastritis, vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea among others. Over consumption can result in tooth decay. 

What should I do?

It’s okay to consume in moderation.

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